Gibson RB-1 #1176-1

The style 1 of the 1930s was a non-Mastertone model and therefore had no true tone ring–only a small-diameter brass hoop on top of the rim.  It did, however, feature the same pot metal one-piece flange and three-ply maple rim as the Mastertones of the same period.  Style 1 had nickel-plated hardware and a dark-finished maple neck and resonator, with white binding on the neck and both edges of the resonator.  Even though the Mastertone models had by this time gone to the double-cut peghead shape, the fiddle-shaped peghead was retained on style 1, with a minor modification–the two small indentations normally found under the fourth- and first-string tuners were absent.  The rosewood fingerboard was inlaid with a fleur-de-lis inlay pattern which is also known by such varying names as “bats” and “flying birds”; in the late 1930s, this inlay pattern was replaced on style 1 by a simple dot pattern, although the “inverted bud” peghead inlay remained.  Style 1 banjos have an oval “The Gibson” label inside the rim which is similar to the Mastertone label found on the higher models.

This banjo changed hands in South Africa in 1981, and the “Made in U.S.A.” sticker inside the resonator and a similar stamp on the back of the peghead indicate that it was made for export.  From South Africa it was taken to Western Europe where it now resides.  The original fingerboard inlay has been changed and extra inlays added to the peghead, although the original peghead inlays remain.  A Steve Huber nickel flathead tone ring has also been installed.

Photos courtesy of a private collector.